Die deutsche Ausgabe von Wikipedia erklärt den Begriff Franchise bzw. Franchising (auch: Konzessionsverkauf) als „eine Mischung aus indirektem Verkauf und. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'franchise' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für franchise im Online-Wörterbuch sunndal.nu ( Deutschwörterbuch).
Franchise Deutsch VideoFranchising - eine attraktive Wirtschaftsform
Each party to a franchise has several interests to protect. The franchisor is involved in securing protection for the trademark, controlling the business concept and securing know-how.
The franchisee is obligated to carry out the services for which the trademark has been made prominent or famous. There is a great deal of standardization required.
The place of service has to bear the franchisor's signs, logos and trademark in a prominent place. The uniforms worn by the staff of the franchisee have to be of a particular design and color.
The service has to be in accordance with the pattern followed by the franchisor in the successful franchise operations.
Thus, franchisees are not in full control of the business, as they would be in retailing. A service can be successful if equipment and supplies are purchased at a fair price from the franchisor or sources recommended by the franchisor.
A coffee brew, for example, can be readily identified by the trademark if its raw materials come from a particular supplier.
If the franchisor requires purchase from her stores, it may come under anti-trust legislation or equivalent laws of other countries.
The franchisee must carefully negotiate the license and must develop a marketing or business plan with the franchisor. The fees must be fully disclosed and there should not be any hidden fees.
The start-up costs and working capital must be known before the license is granted. There must be assurance that additional licensees will not crowd the "territory" if the franchise is worked according to plan.
The franchisee must be seen as an independent merchant. It must be protected by the franchisor from any trademark infringement by third parties.
A franchise attorney is required to assist the franchisee during negotiations. Often the training period — the costs of which are in great part covered by the initial fee — is too short in cases where it is necessary to operate complicated equipment, and the franchisee has to learn on their own from instruction manuals.
The training period must be adequate, but in low-cost franchises it may be considered expensive. Many franchisors have set up corporate universities to train staff online.
This is in addition to providing literature, sales documents and email access. Also, franchise agreements carry no guarantees or warranties and the franchisee has little or no recourse to legal intervention in the event of a dispute.
Contracts are renewable at the sole option of the franchisor. Most franchisors require franchisees to sign agreements that mandate where and under what law any dispute would be litigated.
In Australia, franchising is regulated by the Franchising Code of Conduct, a mandatory code of conduct concluded under the Trade Practices Act The code also regulates the content of franchise agreements, for example in relation to marketing funds, a cooling-off period , termination, and the resolution of disputes by mediation.
The new Code applies to conduct on or after 1 January These are significant changes and it is important that franchisors, franchisees and potential franchises understand their rights and responsibilities under the Code.
For further information about the changes to the Code, please see the updated Franchisor Compliance Manual and the Franchisee Manual. The Code explanatory materials are available from the ComLaw website link is external.
New Zealand is served by around franchise systems operating brands, giving it the highest proportion of franchises per capita in the world.
Despite or because of the recession, the total number of franchised units increased by 5. This functions very well in New Zealand and includes law as it applies to contracts, restrictive trade practices, intellectual property, and the law of misleading or deceptive conduct.
The Franchise Association of New Zealand introduced a self-regulatory code of practice for its members in This contains many provisions similar to those of the Australian Franchising Code of Practice legislation, although only around a third of all franchises are members of the association and therefore bound by the code.
A case of fraud in perpetrated by a former master franchisee of the country's largest franchise system  led to a review of the need for franchise law by the Ministry of Economic Development.
By the end of , there were about 2, franchise brands operating in Brazil, with approximately 93, locations,  making it one of the largest countries in the world in terms of number of units.
Around 11 percent of this total were foreign-based franchisors. The provision of a "Franchise Offer Circular", or disclosure document, is mandatory before execution of agreement and is valid for all of the Brazilian territory.
Failure to disclose voids the agreement, which leads to refunds and serious payments for damages. The Franchise Law does not distinguish between Brazilian and foreign franchisors.
The latter is necessary for payments. All sums may not be convertible into foreign currency. Certification may also mean compliance with Brazil's antitrust legislation.
Parties to international franchising may decide to adopt the English language for the document, as long as the Brazilian party knows English fluently and expressly acknowledges that fact, to avoid translation.
The registration accomplishes three things:. In Canada, recent legislation mandate better disclosure and fair treatment of franchisees.
The regulations also ensure their right to form associations and launch collective action, even if they signed contracts prohibiting such moves.
China has the most franchises in the world but the scale of their operations is relatively small. Each system in China has an average of 43 outlets, compared to more than in the United States.
Together, there are brands in some , retail markets. KFC was the most significant foreign entry in and is widespread  Many franchises are in fact joint-ventures, as at their forming the franchise law was not explicit.
For example, McDonald's is a joint venture. The year saw the birth of an updated franchise law,  "Measures for the Administration of Commercial Franchise".
Today the franchise law is much clearer by virtue of the law,  a revision of the law. The laws are applicable if there are transactions involving a trademark combined with payments with many obligations on the franchisor.
The law comprises 42 articles and eight chapters. The franchising of foreign goods and services to India is in its infancy.
The first International Exhibition was only held in In a highly diversified society, see Demographics of India McDonald's is a success story despite its fare's differing from that of the rest of the world.
So far, franchise agreements are covered under two standard commercial laws: In Kazakhstan franchise turnover for is 2. Kazakhstan is the leader in Central Asia in the franchising market.
There is a special law on franchising which went into effect in There are more than franchise systems and the number of franchised outlets approaches The plant was built in Other brands that are also present in Kazakhstan through the franchise system include Pepsi, Hilton, Marriott, Intercontinental, and Pizza Hut.
Franchising has grown rapidly in Europe in recent years, but the industry is largely unregulated. Unlike the United States, the European Union has not adopted a uniform franchise law.
In Spain there is also mandatory registration on a public registry. Although they have no franchise specific laws, Germany and those countries with a legal system based upon that of Germany, such as Austria, Greece and Portugal, probably impose the greatest regulatory burden on franchisors due to their tendency to treat franchisees as quasi consumers in certain circumstances and the willingness of the judiciary to use the concept of good faith to make pro-franchisee decisions.
In the UK, the recent [ when? The European Franchising Federation's Code of Ethics has been adopted by seventeen national franchise associations.
However this has no legal force and enforcement by the national associations is neither uniform of rigorous. When adopting a European strategy it is important that a franchisor takes expert legal advice.
Most often one of the principal tasks in Europe is to find retail space, which is not so significant a factor in the USA.
This is where the franchise broker, or the master franchisor, plays an important role. Cultural factors are also relevant, as local populations tend to be heterogeneous.
France is one of Europe's largest markets. Similar to the United States, it has a long history of franchising, dating back to the s. Growth came in the s.
The market is considered difficult for outside franchisors because of cultural characteristics, yet McDonald's and Century 21 are found everywhere.
There are some 30 U. There are no government agencies regulating franchises. The Loi Doubin Law of was the first European franchise disclosure law.
Combined with Decree No. The law applies to "exclusive or quasi-exclusive territory". The disclosure document must be delivered at least 20 days before the execution of the agreement or any payments are made.
The specific and important disclosures to be made are: Initially, there was some uncertainty whether any breach of the provisions of the Doubin Law would enable the franchisee to walk away from the contract.
However, the French supreme court Cour de cassation eventually ruled that agreements should only be annulled where missing or incorrect information affected the decision of the franchisee to enter into the agreement.
The burden of proof is on the franchisee. Dispute settlement features are only incorporated in some European countries. By not being rigorous, franchising is encouraged.
Under Italian law franchise  is defined as an arrangement between two financially independent parties where a franchisee is granted, in exchange for a consideration, the right to market goods and services under particular trademarks.
In addition, articles dictate the form and content of the franchise agreement and define the documents that must be made available 30 days prior to execution.
The franchisor must disclose:. There are no specific laws regulating franchising in Norway. However, the Norwegian Competition Act section 10 prohibits cooperation which may prevent, limit or diminish the competition.
This may also apply to vertical cooperation such as franchising.. In Russia, under chapter 54 of the Civil Code passed , franchise agreements are invalid unless written and registered, and franchisors cannot set standards or limits on the prices of the franchisee's goods.
Enforcement of laws and resolution of contractual disputes is a problem: The legal definition of franchising in Spain is an activity in which an undertaking, the franchisor, grants to another party, the franchisee, for a specific market and in exchange for financial compensation either direct, indirect or both , the right to exploit an owned system to commercialize products or services already exploited by the franchisor with enough success and experience.
The Spanish Retail Trading Act regulates franchising. In Spain, the franchisor submits the disclosure information 20 days prior to signing the agreement or prior to any payment made by the franchisee to the franchisor.
Franchisors are to disclose to the potential franchisee specific information in writing. This information has to be true and not misleading and include:.
Franchisors with some exceptions should be registered in the Franchisors' Register and provide the requested information. According to the regulation in force in this obligation has to be met within three months after the start of its activities in Spain.
Franchising is a sui generis contract which bears the characteristics of several explicitly regulated contracts such as; agency, sales contract and so forth.
The regulations concerning these kinds of contracts in Turkish Commercial Code and in Turkish Code of Obligations are applied to franchising.
Franchising is described in doctrine and has several essential components such as; the independence of the franchisee from the franchisor, the use of know-how and the uniformity of product and services, standard use of the brand and logo, payment of a royalty fee, increasement of sales by the franchisee and continuity.
Franchising may be for a determined or undetermined period of time. The undetermined one can only be annulled either by a notice before a reasonable amount of time or by a just cause.
The franchising agreement with a determined time period ends within the end of the time period if not specified otherwise in the agreement. However, termination based on just cause is also foreseen for franchising agreement with a determined time period.
In the United Kingdom there are no franchise-specific laws; franchises are subject to the same laws that govern other businesses.
There are a number franchise businesses which are not members of the BFA and many which do not meet the BFA membership criteria. Part of the BFA's role in self-regulation is to work with franchisors through the application process and recommend changes which will lead to the franchise business meeting BFA standards.
A number of businesses that refer to themselves as franchises do not conform to the BFA Code of Ethics are therefore excluded from membership.
On 22 May , hearings were held in the UK Parliament concerning citizen-initiated petitions for special regulation of franchising by the government of the UK due to losses incurred by citizens who had invested in franchises.
The Minister of Industry, Margaret Hodge, conducted hearings but saw no need for any government regulation of franchising with the advice that government regulation of franchising might lull the public into a false sense of security.
Mr Mark Prisk MP suggested that the costs of such regulation to the franchisee and franchisor could be prohibitive and would in any case provide a system which mirrored the work already being completed by the BFA.
The Minister of Industry indicated that if due diligence were performed by the investors and the banks, the current laws governing business contracts in the UK offered sufficient protection for the public and the banks.
The debate also made reference to the self-regulatory function performed by the BFA recognizing that the association "punched above its weight".
Isaac Singer , who made improvements to an existing model of a sewing machine in the s, began one of the first franchising efforts in the United States, followed later by Coca-Cola , Western Union , etc.
Modern franchising came to prominence with the rise of franchise-based food service establishments.
In , Howard Deering Johnson established the first modern restaurant franchise based on his successful Quincy, Massachusetts Howard Johnson's restaurant founded in the late s.
Covenant and the film that would follow it were successful, he had plans for another three Alien films. Awakening was originally the name of Neill Blomkamp's since-cancelled Aliens sequel.
Covenant , Scott confirmed that a sequel to Alien: Covenant , tentatively referred to as Alien: Scott also confirmed that the film will cap his prequel series, leading directly into the events of Alien.
Covenant was a financial disappointment they still trust Ridley Scott to know the right story and to proceed with the sequel.
In the mids, screenwriter Stuart Hazeldine wrote a treatment titled Alien: Fox executives were impressed by the script, having read it after Alien Resurrection had entered post-production.
Joss Whedon had written an Earth-set script for Alien 5 , but Sigourney Weaver was not interested and wanted it to be set on the original planetoid.
She has remained open to a role on the condition that she likes the story. Predator , James Cameron had been collaborating on the plot for a fifth Alien film with another writer, but ceased work on learning of the crossover.
Cameron stated that the crossover would "kill the validity of the franchise," and that "it was Frankenstein Meets Werewolf " — like " Universal just taking their assets and starting to play them off against each other.
In late , Weaver hinted in an interview with MTV that she and Scott were working on an Alien spin-off film, which would focus on the chronicles of Ellen Ripley rather than on the Aliens, but the continuation of Ripley's story has not materialized.
In , Sigourney Weaver expressed interest in returning to the role of Ripley, stating that Resurrection ' s ending "feels incomplete to me.
I wish it didn't, but it does. We left it hanging. And there's a way to finish this story that I think would be satisfying to me and the many fans.
The filmmaker developed the story and artwork after previously working on Chappie with Weaver. The two had wanted to finish the character's story through the events of the film.
Blomkamp announced that filming would take place sometime during in Vancouver , British Columbia , Canada; while producer, Ridley Scott confirmed that production would begin following the completion of Alien: By May of , Scott confirmed that Blomkamp's film had been officially cancelled, and stated that its title had been Alien: The title for the project will be re-purposed for the third film in the prequel trilogy.
Inspired by the Dark Horse Comics series, the filmmakers of Predator 2 incorporated an easter egg in which an Alien skull was seen in a Predator trophy case.
Expansions upon this shared universe between the Alien and Predator franchises followed, through comics and video games, until a film franchise was launched with the release of Alien vs.
Predator in , followed by the sequel Aliens vs. Requiem in , which spawned various new comics, novels, video games, and other merchandise based upon or inspired by the films.
A buried pyramid giving off a "heat bloom" attracts a group of explorers led by Charles Bishop Weyland Lance Henriksen , the original founder and CEO of Weyland Industries, who unknowingly activates an Alien egg production line as a hibernating Alien Queen is awakened within the pyramid.
Three Predators descend unto the planet and enters the structure, killing all humans in their way with the intention of hunting the newly formed Aliens, while the scattered explorers are captured alive by Aliens and implanted with embryos.
Two Predators die in the ensuing battle with an Alien, while the third allies itself with the lone surviving human, Alexa "Lex" Woods Sanaa Lathan , while making their way out of the pyramid as it is destroyed by the Predator's wrist bomb and eventually does battle with the escaped Alien Queen on the surface.
The Queen is defeated by being dragged down by a water tower into the dark depths of the frozen sea, but not before she fatally wounds the last Predator.
The orbiting Predator mothership uncloaks and the crew retrieves the fallen Predator. A Predator elder gives Lex a spear as a sign of respect, and then departs.
Once in orbit it is revealed that an Alien Chestburster was present within the corpse, thus a Predalien hybrid is born.
Set immediately after the events of the previous film, the Predalien hybrid aboard the Predator scout ship, having just separated from the mothership shown in the previous film, has grown to full adult size and sets about killing the Predators aboard the ship, causing it to crash in the small town of Gunnison, Colorado.
The last surviving Predator activates a distress beacon containing a video recording of the Predalien, which is received by a veteran Predator on the Predator homeworld, who sets off towards Earth to "clean up" the infestation.
When it arrives, the Predator tracks the Aliens into a section of the sewer below the town. He removes evidence of their presence as he moves along using a corrosive blue liquid and uses a laser net to try to contain the creatures, but the Aliens still manage to escape into the town above.
The Predator fashions a plasma pistol from its remaining plasma caster and hunts Aliens all across town, accidentally cutting the power to the town in the process.
During a confrontation with human survivors, the Predator loses its plasma pistol. The Predator then fights the Predalien singlehandedly, and the two mortally wound one another just as the US air force drops a tactical nuclear bomb on the town, incinerating both combatants along with the Predalien's warriors and hive, as well as the few remaining humans in the town.
The salvaged plasma pistol is then taken to a Ms. Yutani of the Yutani Corporation, foreshadowing an advancement in technology leading to the future events of the Alien films.
Please note that the figures in this table are not inflation adjusted. Where two different figures are quoted for box office grosses, information is taken from two different sources.
IGN listed Alien as the thirteenth best film franchise of all time. Alien was also inducted into the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress for historical preservation as a film which is "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.
Out of the Shadows was released. Covenant ,  and the Audible Original audio play adaptation of Alien: River of Pain was released.
The multiple single releases on VHS were generally the original theatrical cuts of each film. The Aliens set included a new "Special Edition" cut of the film completed by James Cameron just for this release, which was a significantly extended version of the film.
The films made their DVD debut in , both as part of a boxed set see Alien Legacy below and as separate single-disc releases of each film Aliens was only available in its "Special Edition" cut, not its original theatrical cut, which did not make it to DVD until the next boxed set.
Following the Alien Quadrilogy set see below , each film received individual two-disc releases containing the content of each film from that set.
Since then, there have been multiple issues and reissues of the films, in both their theatrical or extended version, though some single releases include both.
In addition to the single releases, there have been seven complete box sets of the series at various points in its history. With the exception of the DVD version of the Aliens Triple Pack , each release contained all films that had come out at the time the sets were released.
The seven box sets each had unique characteristics and features which were then sometimes reused in later sets or single releases in one form or another, most notably the Blu-ray Anthology , which includes a detailed archive of many previous releases, including the rare Laserdisc box sets.
Several novelizations of each of the six films and some comic books as well as original canonical novels based on the franchise have been released.
The original novels include Alien: Out of the Shadows , Alien: Sea of Sorrows , Alien: Alan Dean Foster published Alien: Covenant — Origins , a novel set between the events of Prometheus and Alien: The first game based on the franchise was Alien for the Atari , heavily based on Pac-Man.
Another Alien game based on the first film was released in Aliens was adapted into four different video games: The Computer Game , a collection of minigames by Activision and a first-person shooter by Software Studios ; as well as two different games titled Aliens , a MSX platformer by Square and a arcade shoot 'em up by Konami.
The Gun in Acclaim's first-person shooter Alien Trilogy was released in , and their adaptation of Alien Resurrection was released in as a PlayStation first-person shooter.
Other Alien games include Mindscape 's adventure game Aliens: Thanatos Encounter , the mobile phone game Aliens: Unleashed , and the arcade game Aliens: Armageddon , a rail gun first person shooter that hit arcades soon after.
These rail gun shooters came in two different cabinets: In , Sega published Alien: Part of the Alien series , the game is set in , 15 years after the events of Alien and 42 years prior to Aliens.
The game follows Amanda Ripley , who is investigating the disappearance of her mother, Ellen Ripley.
Amanda is transferred to the space station Sevastopol to find the flight recorder of the Nostromo only to discover an Alien has terrorized the station, killing the vast majority of the crew.
The Alien also was a downloadable character in Mortal Kombat X The Bishop character has been the subject of literary and philosophical analysis as a high-profile android character conforming to science fiction author Isaac Asimov 's Three Laws of Robotics and as a model of a compliant, potentially self-aware machine.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For films that feature aliens, see List of films featuring extraterrestrials. The current logo of the franchise.
Colonial Marines Alien: List of Alien characters. List of accolades received by the Alien film series. This article needs additional citations for verification.
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List of Alien franchise comics. List of Alien, Predator, and Alien vs. The Book of Alien. Developing the Story", The Beast Within: The Making of Alien.
Casting", The Beast Within: Retrieved September 4, Retrieved July 16, Archived from the original on January 6, Retrieved December 14, Archived from the original on December 1, A brief chat with Joss Whedon".
Archived from the original on December 20, Battle of the Sequels". Retrieved January 14, Retrieved December 13, Archived from the original on August 1, Retrieved August 1, Retrieved September 14, Fassbender will do this one with me, and it's meant to start production in February.
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Ain't It Cool News. Archived from the original on February 19,Cultural factors are also relevant, as local populations tend to be heterogeneous. Despite or because of the recession, the total number of franchised units increased by 5. The Computer Gamea collection of minigames by Activision and a first-person shooter by Software Studios ; as well as two different games titled Aliensa MSX platformer by Square and a arcade shoot 'em Beste Spielothek in Gunderath finden by Konami. While the first film of the series, directed by Ridley Scottwas successful, Fox did not consider mobile de motorrad sequel untilwhen James Cameron expressed his interest to producer David Giler handball heute deutschland continuing the Alien story. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Franchising may be spielhalle online casino a determined or undetermined period of time. When The Music Stops is an example of an em 2019 ergebnisse vorrunde franchise in the UK, in zufalls generator case, running speed dating and singles events. Masters of darkness more information. Retrieved August 16, Colonial Marines Alien: Unlike the United States, the European Union has not adopted a uniform franchise law. Archived copy as title Webarchive template wayback links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from October Articles with Beste Spielothek in Nannhausen finden dead external links All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November All articles with vague or ambiguous time Vague or ambiguous time from February Articles with unsourced statements from October After running for almost 30 years, Dialogue in the Dark has been showcased in many different venues and for various audiences. Und an einem neuen Standort sollten Sie eine Art Franchise einführen. English You know, we just celebrated, this year, our general elections, the biggest exercise in democratic franchise in saudi professional league history. Schon vor rund zwei Jahren berichteten verschiedene Medien, dass die Gastronomie-Kette Rund Menschen aus 58 Nationen nutzten dies als Plattform, die in diesem jahr erstmals geboten wurden. Geschäft nt mit Franchise-Vertrieb. Der Eintrag wurde im Forum gespeichert. We are using the following form field to detect spammers. SelbstbeteiligungssummeVerkaufskonzessionSelbstbehaltSelbstbeteiligung. Um Vokabeln speichern und später lernen zu können, müssen Sie angemeldet sein. Senden Sie uns gern einen neuen Eintrag. Mehr Übersetzungen im Deutsch-Türkisch Wörterbuch.
Franchise deutsch -Der Kern des Modells ist die Lizenzierung von Marken zusammen mit der Teilnahme an einer Sportliga durch ein beherrschendes Unternehmen durch einen Franchising-Vertrag. Transliteration aktiv Tastaturlayout Phonetisch. Franchise Value - Wert des aufgebauten Bestandes und der Reputation. Geschäft nt mit Franchise-Vertrieb. Autor oder Verlag können […] Rechte an andere Verwerter lizenzieren, die bildliche Darstellungen oder beispielsweise Spielfiguren verkaufen, Handlungsstränge in neuen Büchern oder Filmen fortsetzen oder Computer- oder auch Brettspiele entwerfen, die auf der Vorlage basieren. Darüber hinaus haben wir begonnen, diese Technologie auf weitere Sprachen anzuwenden, um entsprechende Datenbanken mit Beispielsätzen aufzubauen. Selbstbeteiligungssumme , Verkaufskonzession , Selbstbehalt , Selbstbeteiligung. We are using the following form field to detect spammers. Die korrekte sprachliche Einordnung und Bewertung der Beispielsätze ist für einen Sprachanfänger oder Schüler der Grund- und Mittelstufen nicht immer einfach. Franchisenehmer in m f. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch franchise for. These locations are led with the classic franchise system - with a corporate identy and a central marketing.. We are sorry for the inconvenience. Winnie-the-Pooh is a franchise of Walt Disney with the main character.. English The result clearly demonstrates the quality of the Warburg Dillon Read client franchise and its earnings generating power. Was bedeutet eigentlich Franchise? Teilnehmer der Liga sind die Lizenznehmer, bei denen es sich selbst um gewerbliche Unternehmen handelt. Alle Roboter sind durch eine gemeinsame Steuerung verbunden, welche die Bewegungen der Roboter synchronisiert, was den Fluchtplan erheblich erschwert!. Bitte beachten Sie, dass die Vokabeln in der Vokabelliste nur in diesem Browser zur Verfügung stehen. Französisch kanadisches Französisch franchise.
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